This follows on from Postman : Using Postman to get "Userinfo" on Azure AD.
There's a ton of stuff on Azure AD but very little on ADFS.
The gist is here.
Same instructions as the Azure AD article.
In terms of configuring ADFS, have a look at ADFS - Web App and Web API on Server 2016 TP4 ADFS 4.0 . You only need to do the Web App. part.